What is a Diamond?

    •    Diamond is a mineral made up of carbon that is crystallized in an isometric (cubic) arrangement. Let’s look at all the information packed into this definition.

     

    •    Minerals: are inorganic substances that are not or never been alive. Like most minerals, diamond has a characteristic chemical composition and crystal structure. The chemical composition refers to the kinds of atoms the mineral contains and its quantity (chemical formula) .The crystal structure is the order arrangement of these atoms.

     

    •    Diamond is the only gem made of a single element which is carbon while all the rest are combination of one or more elements. Diamonds are more than 99.95 percent pure carbon; the remainder is made up of more than 25 impurities, which often influence the crystal’s color or shape.

     

    •    Diamonds crystal structure is isometric (cubic) which means the atoms have the same arrangement in all directions. The combination of chemical composition and crystal structure is what makes diamonds and all other minerals what they are. It produces the optical and physical properties that make diamonds durable, beautiful and valuable.